Monday, April 18, 2016



The plant is not too high to grow. More or less it can grow up to 12 feet. It has prickly (thorny) stems and leaves. The leaves are double or triple pinnate, serrated leaflets and ovate in form.

It has branched, downy panicles with many umbels of white flowers. It has juicy and pleasant berries with black color. The bark has no good taste. It has bitter principle but with many uses including other parts of the plants in herbal application.


Tincture preparation from berries gives relief to pain of damaged teeth. It has chemical compound to stop colicky stomach due to excessive gas. It was chosen as best alternative for the treatment of rheumatism.

Making a compound from the plant is good in the prevention of cholera. The bark tincture has the ability to cleanse skin diseases. It was proven to be helpful in the treatment of syphilis. The bark was found to be a stimulating alterative.

Araliin is a glucoside the plant contain. It was found to be valuable against dry throat and mouth. It is better sialogogue. It gives relief to sore throat. It was found helpful to relieve difficulty in breathing due to the build-up of mucus (phlegm) in the airways. It induces perspiration to relieve fever. A small dose of powder preparation is enough.



It is creeping root-stocks, moving not so deep below the surface, long, tough growing quickly around the vacant space. It rapidly spread fast into large population of the plants in only short period of time. They are best suited to grow fast in moist soil of woods and thickets.

The deeply cut leaves rose upright directly from the separate un-branch stem. With it is the star-like flowers go together. Below the flower positioned the three leaflets deeply separated appearing more than three of them like a true leaves. The leaves protect the flower buds by wrapping it around before the buds unfolds.

Once the bud opens, it stalks together going far above them. The flower has no honey for the bees to visit. It has little scent to attract insects. Only few insects visit the flowers for purpose of fertilization of its one-celled seed vessels. The seed vessels were arranged in mass formation in the center of the many stamens (acheness).


It was used externally with its rubifacient effects to some of the diseases of men. The various parts of the plants (seeds, flowers, leaves, bark, etc.) have the same effect if applied for the treatment of headache.

It is best for the treatment of rheumatic gout. It has better purpose to serve as a bath for the body with the disease of leprosy by using the decoction of leaves. The use of ointment preparation can relieve the inflammation of the eyes. Ointment application can cleanse the corroding ulcers of the skin.

It has helpful effects for watery nose due to cold and expels the build-up of mucus (phlegm) in the respiratory tract. It has beneficial effect for the treatment of lethargy.



The base of the foot-stalks was covered with silky hairs. Although it is odorless it has acrid taste if fresh but limited when the herbs are dried, the more it diminishes if stored for long time.

After the plant flowers, most of the leaves will develop slowly. The woody root-stocks were thick. It develops rosette of finely divided stalked leaves. Young leaves were covered by silky hairs.

The color of the foot stalks is purple. The flower has measurement of 1-1/2 inches across formed singly on stalks with the height of 8 inches or less. It has involucre of three sessile of bracts or leaflets deeply cut. The sepal of the flowers has dull purple violet color. It has silky appearance under surface of the leaves.  The seed vessels are small. It has long feathery tails and brown hairy acheness.


It has benefit of one type of diseases of the eyes. It is nervine, diaphoretic, alterative and antispasmodic. Prepared tincture is good to apply in the disorder of mucous membrane.

It clears respiratory and digestive passages. It is good remedy for spasmodic cough due to asthma. It is best for whooping cough and treatment for bronchitis. Found to be valuable in the treatment of the affliction of the eyes. Has the ability for the treatment of diarrhea. It is good emenagogue.

It can give relief to headache. It has good effect for the nerve exhaustion in women. It serves as good alternative treatment for neuralgia. Extract of the plant is applied to cutaneous diseases. It can treat muscles of children. It can give relief to toothache, pain in the ear.

It was administered against indigestion and bilious attack. It was used commonly to relieve amenorrhea. It has soothing effect for the relief of rheumatism in the knees.


The seed coat consisted of leathery separable structure that IS hard and juiceless. It has a dual red color with dingy green tinged. As soon as the seeds are fully ripen, its green covering will dry and then split. The endocarp (rough shell) that enclosed them dropped out.

The shell has ovoid shape, with yellow buff color flattened in form. The outer surface of the shell has small holes. It has fibrous materials that sometimes thin and friable. The seeds showed rounded at one end and pointed at the other end covered with the corresponding coat.

The size of the tree is moderate more or less 30 feet high. It has branches that spread out evenly. The leaves are lance-shaped, serrated in its edges. The plants has characteristic to flower first before the emergence of leaves.


It considered demulcent. It has beneficial nutrients mostly required for healthy body. It is good remedy for constipation softening and relaxing the solids in the stomach. Good for bronchial disease in the lungs.

It was used for the relief of tickling cough, suppresses irritation and prevent hoarseness of voice due to inflammation caused by colds and flu. The prepared emulsion found to have the ability to soften and remove stones in the kidney, bladder and obstruction in the biliary ducts.

Use to relieve heartburn due to excessive production of acid. It reduces the impact of acid because of Gastro-Esophageal Reflux (GERD). The oil from the seeds is good remedy for chapped hands. It considered as pain reliever in all manner of painful sensation in the lung.
Good for the treatment of pleurisy.

 Excessive production of gas will result to colic. With the use of the plant, colic is prevented and gas formation is reduced. The use of oil makes hands and face smooth and soft. The oil cleanses spots and pimples of the skin. The oil can relieve chest pain due to heart trouble.

Putting in the temple will relax headache. Ointment preparation can restore clearness of sight. Almond butter has benefit to the heart, it relaxes the brain and liver complaints. The prussic acid of bitter almond found to cure intermittent fever. It serves as vermifuge. Bitter almond was used as aperient, diuretic and cure for hydrophobia.



The tree can reach the height of 80 feet. The bark has bitter taste and odorless. The stalked leaves are oblong in shape measuring 6 inches long and 4 inches wide. The leaves dispersed from 4 to 6 whorls round the stem. The upper sides of the leaves were glossy. It has white underside. The nerves connections were running at the right angles going to the midrib. The bark has bitter taste and little odor.  


-Bark is best in the treatment of bowel problem.

-It can stop dysentery and chronic diarrhea.

-The bark is best homeopathy. 

-It is bitter tonic but with astringent ability to cure.