It is a wild shrub-like plant. A herbaceous perennial plant, smooth with large compound leaves. It has underground rhizomes that can reach the height of 60 centimeters. Its basal leaves are broad, coarsely toothed margin. The leaves reach up to one meter in length. It has repeated sets of three leaflets. The stem will reach height of 250 centimeters.
The flower does not have any petals (sepals). The flowers are in tight clusters with white in color. It has sweet fetid smell. The fruit contains dry follicles. One carpel has several seeds. It has black roots.
It grows best in moist place with heavy soil. The dried roots, rhizome becomes an alternative herbal medicines for many diseases. Herbal extracts serves as analgesic, anti-inflammatory and has sedative action. It found to have the ability to treat gynecological disorders of women (dysmenorrheal, memorrhagia), pre-menstrual tension, menstrual cramps. It can relieve sore throat and other respiratory infection.
It consist property that benefits kidney and other urological disorder. It can treat psychological and mental problem like depression, anxiety and stresses of life. It relieves painful muscles, rheumatism and arthritis including nervous disorders. It is the alternative source to produce and increase production of breast milk. It is best source of dietary supplements. It is good source of calcium for better bone health and treats osteoporosis and other age-related disorders.
It can treat symptoms of hormonal imbalance and other hormonal deficiency. Phytocrine, a chemical compound to boosts the ability of women to balance estrogen in the body. It gives promise for breast cancer prevention, the terminal disease of women. It induce normal menstrual period. It can induce labor during childbirth easy for pregnant women to give birth to a child and prevent sluggish labor pains that cause tiredness, weakness, physical fatigue and lack of uterine power to give birth.
It prevents pregnant women to feel restless, muscle tension, menstrual cramps, stomach pain and body pains during the period of her pregnancy. It has the ability to prevent premature delivery that results to miscarriage. It is used as muscle relaxant and best tonic to the nervous system.
The plants contains many chemical compounds like triterpene glycosides and isoflavones, aromatic acids, resins, tannins, starch, fatty acids, sugars, acetin, formononetin, 27-deoxyacterin, caulophylline, laburnine, magnoflorine, saponins (steroidal). It was found to have symptomatic relief of hot flashes, night sweats, insomnia, irritability and nervousness.
Take the plant with caution. It cause minor damage to the liver in individual that cannot tolerate the herbal effect of black cohosh. Other side effect known especially if taken over the required dosage (overdosage) or used in longer period of time are headache, seizures, dizziness, diarrhea, sweating, nausea, abdominal pain, constipation, vomiting, sweating. It causes low-blood pressure and slow heartbeat. It has effect on weight.
It should not use in lactating mothers or pregnant women. It may affect its breastfeeding or her pregnancy. Over-dosage may affect condition of stomach especially the intestines. It causes high blood pressure. It affects menstrual cycle of women beyond the normal condition. It may cause allergic reaction to those having allergy of the plant like swelling of the lips, face and tongue.
Herbal tincture can be taken in the dosage of 4ml 3 times daily for period not more than 6 months. The herbal extract can be taken 40 mg 2 times a day. Use dried roots or rhizomes 2,000 mg per day. Use herbal decoction 1 gram of powder with boiling water 3 times daily. Use herbal infusion about 30ml every 2-4 hours.