Fennel is a vegetable. It has a round white creamy bulb. It has short green stalks with leaves that is feathery green in color. It can be eaten raw. It is found in vegetable glass compartment in the supermarket. It is a specialty in other countries. It has a size of less than 2 pounds. A smaller fennel bulbs is best to use as it has a tender bulb and less fibrous. It is sold in the public market with the stalks still attached to the bulb.
Properties: phytonutrients, flavonoids (rutin, quercitin), kaempferol glycosides (anti-oxidant), anethole (volatile oil). Seeds contains petroselinic acid, oleic acid, tocopherols, trans-anethole, fenchone, limonene, camphor, alpha-pinene.
As stimulant to promote lactation and menstruation of women. Anethole can reduce inflammation and has an anti-cancer effect. It shut down the intercellular signaling system called tumor necrosis factor-mediated signaling, thus prevent the activation of a strong gene-altering and inflammation-triggering molecules.
Its volatile oil can protect the liver from toxic chemical injury. A source of vitamin C (anti-oxidant) neutralizes free radicals. If this free-radicals allowed to exist, it will cause cellular damage that results to osteo-arthritis and rheumatoid arthritis.
It is anti-microbial. A necessity for the proper function of the immune system. Has enormous source of fiber. It has the capacity to reduce elevated cholesterol level. It is good in preventing colon cancer. Has folate, vitamin-B and the ability to convert a dangerous homocysteine molecules into a benign molecules that has the capacity to damage the blood vessel walls.
Good source of potassium to reduce the presence of high blood pressure, a risk factor for heart attack and stroke. It has a carminative capacity as purgative. Its juice is good for cough. It eases the pain from stones by helping to break it. Used to wash an eyestrain and irritated eyes.
It stimulates lactation of mothers. It inhibit spasm in smooth muscles. It prevents intestinal colic. It relieves gas and cramping in the stomach. A diuretic, increasing urine production and bile production. It can reduce fever or pain with anti-microbial properties. Good for flatulence control.
Uses: Good to keep fleas away (insect-repellent). Used as tea and juice. Stalks is used in soups and stews. The feathery leaves is used as herbs. Its leaves is good to bake fish in parchment. Excellent for flavoring to favorite dish. Can be used as delightful salad.
Prohibition: High dose cause muscular spasms and hallucination.